As requested by the TPA, the USTR has conducted an environmental assessment of the potential environmental impact that could be attributable to the free trade agreement. He noted that Panama "faces a number of challenges in protecting its environment, as it supports its economic and population growth." Deforestation, land degradation, loss of wildlife, and threats to water quality and wetlands are, among other things, serious problems for Panama. The Panama Canal also imposes strict requirements on the country`s water consumption. Panama responded through the public policy process, set environmental standards, and concluded international and bilateral environmental cooperation agreements with the United States.69 These issues were already factors in Panama`s development process prior to the free trade agreement negotiations. Thus, the environmental assessment states that the marginal impact of the free trade agreement on environmental standards would be low, either in terms of projected impact on the United States or Panama. The nature of this multi-party agreement is more political than legal. Most of the provisions of the agreement are not new, although their priority may be. The provisions are either assertions or clarifications of the U.S. trade policy already in place. For example, even under the current text of the U.S.-Peru Free Trade Agreement, the U.S. can impose trade sanctions if Peru persistently violates the ILO`s core labor principles, if such violations harm U.S. business interests, and if Peru refuses to pay fines (monetary assessment).  However, certain legal aspects of the proposal should be taken into account.
On October 12, 2011, the United States Congress approved Colombia-United States. Free Trade Agreement. On October 21, 2011, the President of the United States signed legislation implementing the agreement. On April 10, 2012, the Colombian Congress approved the implementing legislation of the TPA between the United States and Colombia. The U.S.-Colombia trade agreement entered into force on May 15, 2012. The language change aims to make obligations relating to the ILO`s fundamental principles mandatory and enforceable to the same extent as all other obligations under the free trade agreement, including the use of trade sanctions. . . .