During the 19th year, the Ottomans entered into a serious conflict with the House of Saud, the first Saudi state to lead to the Ottoman-Saudi War. The war is seen in Saudi Arabia as the first attempt to create a state independent of the Ottoman Empire, while in Turkey it is often seen as a war against the Sunni movement. This led to brutal military retaliation by the Ottoman leadership, which saw the destruction of the first Saudi state and the execution of many Saudi religious leaders. This is the reason why the Turks and Saudis perpetuate themselves and are reflected in the recent revisionist campaigns in both countries.     The collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I would eventually lead to the resurgence of Saudi Arabia and the future establishment of modern Saudi Arabia. Turkey and Saudi Arabia were first in alliance when the Arab Spring broke out, mainly because of the Syrian civil war, while Ankara and Riyadh were openly opposed to Bashar al-Assad, and Saudi Arabia and Turkey were both funding different anti-Assad forces in the conflict, hoping to oust the Syrian dictator.    However, Turkey also showed its support for the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), rejected by Saudi Arabia, which had created a turbulent atmosphere in Riyadh. In 2013, the Egyptian coup broke out, then Mohamed Morsi, a member of the MB and then Egyptian president, was violently withdrawn by the pro-Saudi Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Turkey had condemned this measure, but it was the first sign of divergence between Ankara and Riyadh.   In 2008, the volume of trade between Turkey and Saudi Arabia exceeded €5 billion. USD, but until 2009, after the global economic crisis and the fall in iron and steel exports, trade between the two countries had fallen to $3 billion. Nevertheless, the volume of bilateral trade began to increase until 2010, returning to $4.65 billion by the end of the year. Turkish exports to Saudi Arabia consist mainly of clothing, textiles, iron, steel, automobiles, fruits, vegetables and other agricultural products, while about 80% of Turkish imports from Saudi Arabia are oil.
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